Born in the 19th Century

Charlie Chaplin

Charlie Chaplin

“Failure is unimportant. It takes courage to make a fool of yourself” – Charlie Chaplin. Charlie Chaplin Biography Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin, known to the world as Charlie, was born on 16 April 1889 to music hall entertainers Charles Chaplin Sr, a singer and son of a butcher and Hannah Harriet Pedlingham Hill, who had a brief career under the ...

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Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria

Archduke Franz Ferdinand

Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria Biography Archduke Franz Ferdinand Carl Ludwig Joseph Maria was born on 20 November, 1875 in Graz, Austria. It is his assassination that is credited with triggering World War I, though this was really just the tipping point in a complex geo-political web that led to the greatest loss of life in human history. Franz Ferdinand ...

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Susan B. Anthony

Susan B. Anthony

Susan B. Anthony Biography When people think of the rights of women, of the protection of those rights, and of those who fought most vigorously to secure them, few names come to mind swifter, in the United States at least, than that of the passionate women’s suffrage leader Susan B. Anthony. Susan B. Anthony holds a special place of honour ...

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Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln Biography Abraham Lincoln was a fairly simple man, and with the hindsight of history, some have judged him unfairly, attempting to hold a 19th-century man to 21st century standards. However, when viewed as a man of his times, what he said and did was revolutionary, and unlike other historical figures, Abraham Lincoln’s story is one that has continued ...

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Ulysses S Grant

Ulysses S Grant

Ulysses S. Grant Biography Born on 27 April 1822 in Point Pleasant, Ohio, Hiram Ulysses Grant was a United States general and commander during the American Civil War for the Union armies and later became the 18th president of the United States. His father was Jesse Root Grant who was a tanner as well as a businessman, and Ulysses was ...

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Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Russell Biography Bertrand Russell was one of the great thinkers of the 20th century. He was born into a life within the British aristocracy on 18 May 1872. His father was John Russell, Viscount Amberley who was a British Politician and eldest son of John Russell who had served two terms as British Prime Minister. His mother was Katharine ...

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Irving Berlin

Irving Berlin

Irving Berlin Biography Born Israel Isidore Baline, Irving Berlin was a man born into a world of discrimination, hatred, and incredible poverty. However, from these ashes, Irving Berlin would rise like a phoenix in a new country to become perhaps the greatest American musician of all time. His work influenced generations of people and continues its powerful march through history ...

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Vincent van Gogh

Vincent van Gogh

Vincent van Gogh Biography Vincent Willem van Gogh was a 19th-century Dutch post-impressionist painter known for his influences on the history of western art. He was born 30 March 1853 in the southern Netherlands. His father was a Dutch reformed church minister. As a child in an upper-middle-class family, Van Gogh enjoyed drawing and was quite thoughtful and serious. His ...

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Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein Biography Albert Einstein was born into a non-observant Ashkenazi Jewish family on 14 March 1879 in Ulm a city on the River Danube in what was then the Kingdom of Württemberg, in the German Empire. It is now in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. His parents were Pauline Koch and Hermann Einstein who was an engineer and a ...

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Marie Curie

Marie Curie

“Nothing in life is to be feared, it is only to be understood. Now is the time to understand more, so that we may fear less.” – Marie Curie Marie Curie Biography Maria Sklodowska Curie was born in Warsaw, which was then known as the Russian partition of Poland, on 7 November 1867. Maria was the youngest of five children ...

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Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt Biography The man who would become the 26th president of the United States of America, Theodore Roosevelt, Teddy or TR to his friends, was born on October 27, 1858. He was the second of four children to arrive at the four story brownstone house at 28 Easy 20th Street in Manhattan New York to parents Martha Stewart Bulloch, ...

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Oliver Hardy

Oliver Hardy

Oliver Hardy Biography Norvell Hardy was born on 18 January 1892 in Harlem, Georgia, USA. He was the son of a revolutionary war veteran called Oliver, who had fought and been wounded fighting for the Confederates at the Battle of Antietam. His mother was Emily Norvell who was descended from Captain Hugh Norvell who had arrived in Williamsburg, Virginia sometime ...

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Louis Braille

Louis Braille

Louis Braille Biography Born on 4 January 1809, Louis Braille was from a small town called Coupvray, which is about twenty miles to the East of Paris, France. He was the youngest of four children born to Simon-René, who was a leatherer and maker of horse tack and Monique Braille. His two older sisters were Monique Catherine and Marie Céline ...

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J. R. R. Tolkien

J.R.R. Tolkien

J. R. R. Tolkien Biography John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, known as J.R.R. Tolkien, was born on 3 January 1892 in Bloemfontein in what was then called the Orange Free State but which is now part of South Africa. He is best known for his high fantasy works of fiction which take place in the prehistoric world Tolkien created. When Tolkien ...

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J. Edgar Hoover

J. Edgar Hoover

J. Edgar Hoover Biography John Edgar Hoover was born on 1 January 1895, in Washington D.C. in the United States. His mother, Anna Marie was from a Swiss-German background. There was also German, mixed with English ancestry in his father’s background too. Interestingly, although two of his siblings had birth certificates, which was a requirement at the time in Washington, ...

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Rudyard Kipling

Rudyard Kipling

Rudyard Kipling Biography Joseph Rudyard Kipling was born on 30 December 1865 in Mumbai, then called Bombay, in India. John Lockwood Kipling, his father, was a sculptor and pottery designer whereas his mother, Alice, was the daughter of a Wesleyan Methodist minister. After the couple met in 1863, they courted at Rudyard Lake in Staffordshire, England, and they were so ...

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