Born in the 19th Century

Irving Berlin

Irving Berlin

Irving Berlin Biography Born Israel Isidore Baline, Irving Berlin was a man born into a world of discrimination, hatred, and incredible poverty. However, from these ashes, Irving Berlin would rise like a phoenix in a new country to become perhaps the greatest American musician of all time. His work influenced generations of people and continues its powerful march through history ...

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Charlie Chaplin

Charlie Chaplin

Charlie Chaplin Biography Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin, known to the world as Charlie, was born on 16 April 1889 to music hall entertainers Charles Chaplin Sr, a singer and son of a butcher and Hannah Harriet Pedlingham Hill, who had a brief career under the stage name Lily Harley. By 1891, the couple had split and although they never divorced, ...

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Vincent van Gogh

Vincent van Gogh

Vincent van Gogh Biography Vincent Willem van Gogh was a 19th-century Dutch post-impressionist painter known for his influences on the history of western art. He was born 30 March 1853 in the southern Netherlands. His father was a Dutch reformed church minister. As a child in an upper-middle-class family, Van Gogh enjoyed drawing and was quite thoughtful and serious. His ...

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Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein Biography Albert Einstein was born into a non-observant Ashkenazi Jewish family on 14 March 1879 in Ulm a city on the River Danube in what was then the Kingdom of Württemberg, in the German Empire. It is now in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. His parents were Pauline Koch and Hermann Einstein who was an engineer and a ...

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Marie Curie

Marie Curie

“Nothing in life is to be feared, it is only to be understood. Now is the time to understand more, so that we may fear less.” – Marie Curie Marie Curie Biography Maria Sklodowska Curie was born in Warsaw, which was then known as the Russian partition of Poland, on 7 November 1867. Maria was the youngest of five children ...

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Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt Biography The man who would become the 26th president of the United States of America, Theodore Roosevelt, Teddy or TR to his friends, was born on October 27, 1858. He was the second of four children to arrive at the four story brownstone house at 28 Easy 20th Street in Manhattan New York to parents Martha Stewart Bulloch, ...

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Oliver Hardy

Oliver Hardy

Oliver Hardy Biography Norvell Hardy was born on 18 January 1892 in Harlem, Georgia, USA. He was the son of a revolutionary war veteran called Oliver, who had fought and been wounded fighting for the Confederates at the Battle of Antietam. His mother was Emily Norvell who was descended from Captain Hugh Norvell who had arrived in Williamsburg, Virginia sometime ...

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Louis Braille

Louis Braille

Louis Braille Biography Born on 4 January 1809, Louis Braille was from a small town called Coupvray, which is about twenty miles to the East of Paris, France. He was the youngest of four children born to Simon-René, who was a leatherer and maker of horse tack and Monique Braille. His two older sisters were Monique Catherine and Marie Céline ...

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J. R. R. Tolkien

J.R.R. Tolkien

J. R. R. Tolkien Biography John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, known as J.R.R. Tolkien, was born on 3 January 1892 in Bloemfontein in what was then called the Orange Free State but which is now part of South Africa. He is best known for his high fantasy works of fiction which take place in the prehistoric world Tolkien created. When Tolkien ...

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J. Edgar Hoover

J. Edgar Hoover

J. Edgar Hoover Biography John Edgar Hoover was born on 1 January 1895, in Washington D.C. in the United States. His mother, Anna Marie was from a Swiss-German background. There was also German, mixed with English ancestry in his father’s background too. Interestingly, although two of his siblings had birth certificates, which was a requirement at the time in Washington, ...

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Rudyard Kipling

Rudyard Kipling

Rudyard Kipling Biography Joseph Rudyard Kipling was born on 30 December 1865 in Mumbai, then called Bombay, in India. John Lockwood Kipling, his father, was a sculptor and pottery designer whereas his mother, Alice, was the daughter of a Wesleyan Methodist minister. After the couple met in 1863, they courted at Rudyard Lake in Staffordshire, England, and they were so ...

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Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria

Archduke Franz Ferdinand

Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria Biography Archduke Franz Ferdinand Carl Ludwig Joseph Maria was born on 20 November, 1875 in Graz, Austria. It is his assassination that is credited with triggering World War I, though this was really just the tipping point in a complex geo-political web that led to the greatest loss of life in human history. Franz Ferdinand ...

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Gustave Eiffel

Gustave Eiffel

Gustave Eiffel Biography Gustave Eiffel was born on 15 December 1832 in the city of Dijon, the historical capital of the Burgundy region of France. His family name is Bönickhausen and that is the name under which his birth was registered, but the family took the name Eiffel from the name of the mountains near to where they emigrated from ...

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Woodrow Wilson

Woodrow Wilson

Woodrow Wilson Biography Woodrow Wilson is perhaps best remembered as being the 28th president of the United States, serving two terms in office during which he guided America through World War 1 and played a large part in the creation of the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations. However, he is also widely recognised as one of the ...

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Mary Todd Lincoln

Mary Todd Lincoln

Mary Todd Lincoln Biography Mary Ann Todd was born into a world of social prominence and affluence.  She was well educated and as a young lady was considered attractive, witty, and intelligent.  As wife of the 16th president of the United States, Abraham Lincoln, Mary would become one of history’s most controversial first ladies.  Biographers, supporters and detractors have described ...

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Boris Karloff

Boris Karloff

Boris Karloff Biography 75-year-old Boris summed it up: ‘It is not true that I was born a monster – Hollywood made me one. That was thirty-one years ago, and I have lived accordingly ever since. You could say his fame is sandwiched between Halloween and Christmas.   At Halloween, images of his horror characters are seen in cards and costumes, and ...

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